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Counseling, also called "talk therapy," is among the most important ingredients in addiction treatment. A number of behavioral therapy approaches offer the best assistance for successfully treating individuals with drug and alcohol disorders. Behavioral therapies are an important part of treatment in residential and outpatient programs and are frequently used together with medications. The techniques focus on helping drug and alcohol users change the way they live their lives (their behavior) so they can successfully stop alcohol and drug use and develop healthy, productive lives.

Expressive Therapy: Expressive therapy is a form of psychotherapy that uses various creative expression techniques as a form of communication with a therapist. This form of therapy is based on the premise that people can help heal themselves through the process of creating art, music, dance, writing, or other expressive acts. While clients who can use expressive therapy may have a wide range of difficulties, disabilities or diagnoses – expressive therapy is particularly useful in treating mild depression. Expressive therapy is an umbrella term for a variety of creative art therapy types. Some common types of expressive therapy include: art therapy, dance therapy, drama therapy, music therapy and writing therapy.


Individual psychotherapy, couple therapy, and family therapy follow parallel paths. Clients are guided to overcome their feelings of insecurity, develop deeper feelings of connectedness, and to redirect their striving for significance into more socially beneficial directions. Using a respectful Socratic dialogue, they are challenged to correct mistaken assumptions, attitudes, behaviors, and feelings about themselves and the world. Continual encouragement stimulates clients to attempt what was previously felt as impossible. The growth of confidence, pride, and gratification leads to a greater desire and ability to cooperate and try new tasks. The objective of therapy is to replace exaggerated self-protection and self-indulgence with courageous social contribution.


In relational therapy, you learn to identify how you may be pushing people away rather than attracting them and also come to understand how these behaviors are related to past experiences. The goal is to develop new ideas about relationships, to build a strong relationship with the therapist, and to use both those new ideas and the therapeutic relationship as a model to create healthier, longer-lasting relationships with others.


Family therapy can employ techniques and exercises from cognitive therapy, behavior therapy, interpersonal therapy, or other types of individual therapy. Like with other types of treatment, the techniques employed will depend on the specific problems the client or clients present with.

Behavioral or emotional problems in children are common reasons to visit a family therapist. A child’s problems do not exist in a vacuum; they exist in the context of the family and will likely need to be addressed within the context of the family (Herkov, 2016).

It should be noted that in family therapy or counseling, the term “family” does not necessarily mean blood relatives. In this context, “family” is anyone who “plays a long-term supportive role in one’s life, which may not mean blood relations or family members in the same household” (King, 2017).

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